How Russia armed Armenia and Azerbaijan


For the period 2010-2014, Azerbaijan and Russia signed contracts for the purchase of two divisions of anti-aircraft missile systems S-300PMU-2, several batteries of anti-aircraft missile systems “Tor-2ME”, about a hundred combat and transport helicopters.

Also, agreements on purchasing of at least 100 T-90S tanks, 100 BMP-3 armored vehicles, 18 “MSTA-S” self-propelled artillery units, the same number of heavy flamethrower systems TOS-1A, and multiple launch rocket systems “Tornado” were signed.

The total estimated cost of the “batch” was no less than $4 billion. Most of the contracts have already been implemented. For example, in 2015, the Azerbaijani servicemen received 6 of 40 Mi-17V1 helicopters, and the last 25 of 100 T-90S tanks (in accordance with contracts of 2010), as well as 6 of 18 TOS-1A heavy flamethrower systems (under the agreement of 2011). In 2016, the Russian Federation will continue to supply BTR-82A and BMP-3 armored vehicles (no less than 30 units of which Azerbaijan received in 2015).

According to the UN Register of Conventional Arms, in 2013 Russia delivered heavy weapons to Armenia for the first time: 35 tanks, 110 armored combat vehicles, 50 launchers, and 200 missiles for them. There were no shipments in 2014. In September 2015, Moscow and Yerevan have agreed on a credit of $200 million to Armenia, for the purchase of Russian weapons in 2015-2017.

This money is intended for purchasing “Smerch” multiple rocket launcher systems, “Igla-S” anti-aircraft missile systems, “TOS-1A” heavy flamethrower system, RPG-26 grenade launchers, Dragunov sniper rifles, “Tiger” armored vehicles, “Autobase-M” ground-based electronic intelligence, engineering and communication equipment, and tank sights, intended for the modernization of T-72 tanks and armored vehicles of Armenian Armed Forces.